Normandy Landings through Sun Tzu’s Eyes

Posted in War on August 9, 2013 by tholath

Introduction

The decisive battle which was fought on June 6th 1944 at 0600hrs went down in history as the largest amphibious military assault, famously known as the ‘D-Day’ or the Normandy Landings. Normandy Landing has been called the beginning of the end of war in Europe. It was condemned as “operation overload”[1]. Allied forces conducted a joint battle in liberating the five beaches from the Germans. The sectors that allied forces attacked are Utah and Omaha beach sector by US troops, Gold and Sword beach sector by British troops, Juno beach sector by Canadian Troops[2].

Use of Deception

Sun Tzu States“All warfare is based on deception”

The leaders of the allied forces decided to conduct the cross channel Hitlers fortress in Europe in the first half of 1944. To support the invasion they decided to implement a strategic deception plan under the cover name ‘bodyguard’. The role of this was to deceive Hitler and his commanders about the location and the timing of  allied offensive actions. Under the bodyguard umbrella, operation Fortitude was initiated which was specifically designed for the Normandy landings.  Fortitude was divided into two sections North and South. Fortitude plans involve the creation of fake armies (based in the south of England) which threatened Norway (Fortitude North) and Pas de Calais the make believe land site (Fortitude South)[3]. The operation included fake transmissions, inflatable tanks, vehicles and planes painted on them was 3rd Army which never existed in reality. This plan was one of the most successful operations of the war. Despite all efforts by the allied forces the Germans expected an allied invasion but did not know where and when it would happen. Operation Fortitude did just that.

Use of Spies and Foreknowledge

Sun Tzu states “It Is essential to seek out enemy agents who have come to spy against you and bribe them to serve you”

In world war two, the British used double agents to spy on the Germans. And the ideal people were the spies sent by the Germans to spy against the allies to be ‘turned’ against Germans and to feed them with misinformation. The success of this was the program that was run by the Mi5 (British intelligence) code named ‘double cross’. It is stated that the British used almost four dozen of enemy spies to work against the Germans who were primarily followers of Germany[4]. The British Secret Service (SIS)  managed to infiltrate a double agent into the German intelligence apparatus. Agent Garbo (Juan Pujol Garcia) code named ‘Garpo’ passed false intelligence to the Germans leading them to believe the invasion would come in the Pas de Calais region of France[5]. And ‘Normandy’ has been just a deception by the allies or a diversion.

Sun Tzu States “The way a wise general can achieve greatness beyond ordinary men is through foreknowledge”

During world war two Germans passed information or intelligence through  Enigma, an Electro Mechanical rotor cipher machine used for encrypting and decrypting messages .Which they developed specially for the purpose of passing secret messages. The code was nearly unbreakable and was believed that it could never be decoded or broken. However during the war British code breakers were able to break it and decrypted thousands of messages. The intelligence gathered from this source code named ‘Ultra’ by the British was a significant aid to the allied side during the war [6]. It is through Ultra that the allies confirmed that the Germans never anticipated Normandy Landings and the Germans had thought that  the main invasion was to be Pas de Calais[7]. Unfortunately for the Nazi Germans the allies were actually reading their every ‘fortune’.

Fighting on Death Ground

Sun Tzu states, “if you put your army in the face of certain death where there is no escape, they will not flee or be afraid, in this ‘do or die’ mental state there is nothing they can’t achieve”

A highly planned attack may fail if the momentum is lost. After months of deception and preparation US General Dwight D. Eisenhower launches US troops to Normandy. Allies landed around 156,000 troops in Normandy. The American forces landed numbered 73,000- 23,250 on Utah Beach, 34,250 on Omaha Beach, and 15,500 airborne troops. In the British and Canadian sector, 83,115 troops were landed (61,715 of them British), 24,970 on Gold Beach, 21,400 on Juno Beach, 28,845 on Sword Beach, and 7900 airborne troops[8]. The aircrafts and the ships coordinated aerial assaults on the beach as the landing crafts approached to soften the German defense. The allied troops fought bravely in the challenging obstacle filled  beaches. With soaked gear and equipments almost to rubbing distance from one soldier to another they fought tirelessly  The troops had no option but to fight and no option of turning back, Which resulted in victory. The allied forces were victorious by fighting together and never giving up.

Conclusion

A war is won by great strategy. The ‘operation overload’ is a perfect example of such strategy. The allied invading forces used deception during planning phase and executed it through spies and misinformation. They made the enemy believe what was evitable and had perfect operational security. The allied forces were made to ‘fight or die’ situation which proved victorious. The effort put up for such a landing is beyond imagination made possible.

But surprisingly one man could have predicted this victory. His strategy was practiced and put to the test in modern warfare, which proved timeless results. Sun Tzu the great strategist’s philosophy is no doubt extremely influential in modern sports, management and in war.

References 


[1] Channel, H., 2013. History Channel. [Accessed 04 04 2013] http://www.history.com/topics/d-day

[2] BBC, 2013. BBC History. [Accessed 04 04 2013]http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/animations/wwtwo_map_d_day/index_embed.shtml

[3] Donovan, L. C. M. J., 2002. STRATEGIC DECEPTION: OPERATION FORTITUDE, PA: U.S. ARMY WAR COLLEGE, CARLISLE BARRACKS, PA.

[4] BBC, 2011. Double Cross – MI5 in World War Two. [Accessed 04 04 2013].
Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/mi5_ww2_01.shtml

[5] Kelly, J., 2011. The piece of paper that fooled Hitler. [Accessed 04 04 2013]
Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-12266109

[6] Bury, J., 2011. The Enigma: A Polish View. Polish Amarican Journal, Volume one, pp. 60-102

[7] Budiansky, S., 2000. Battle of wits: The Complete Story of Codebreaking in World War II. first ed. New York: Free Press.

[8] Museum, D.-D., 2012. Portsmouth Museums of Records. [Accessed 04 04 2013]
Available at: http://www.ddaymuseum.co.uk/d-day/d-day-and-the-battle-of-normandy-your-questions-answered

12 Foods to Burn Belly Fat

Posted in Fat Burn, Food, Uncategorized on July 11, 2013 by tholath

the information is taken from http://interesting-facts.info

1. nuts
They slim your stomach by keeping it full, eating about 24 almonds a day will satisfy your hunger for longer.

2. Protein powder
It contains amino acids that burn fat and build muscle. Adding two teaspoons to a smoothie will create a fat-busting and tastier drink

3. olive oil
it contains monounsaturated fats therefore it helps keep your cholesterol under control and satisfy cravings.

4.berries
they have a lot of fiber, just one cup of raspberries has six grams. It helps you fill full and more satisfied.

5.Eggs:
Our body needs vitamin b12 to metabolize fat, it is highly recommended to eat eggs for breakfast, it gives you a lot of energy and its an excellent source of protein.

6.Lean meats and fish
Salmon, tuna and turkey are perfect examples for this types of foods, they are full of omega-3s, the function is to prevent stress chemicals that promote fat abs.

7.Peanut Butter
A proper amount of peanut butter is going to give you a lot of benefits, its packed with niacin, which keeps the digestive system on track and prevents belly bloat.

8.Milk
the main source of calcium, calcium helps break down fat and it also prevents from forming.

9.oatmeal:
Boosts energy, reduces cholesterol, maintains blood sugar levels
beans and legumes: Builds muscle, helps burn fat, regulates digestion

10.apples:
they are packed with nutrients and are a rich source of vitamin C, also they have a lot of dietary fiber among other that help our digestive system.
11.tomatoes
A large tomato contains only around 33 calories, adding a tomato to a meal will make you feel full and it also has a lot of healthy benefits for your whole body.

12. Avocados
everything tastes better with avocado, but other than it being delicious it has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. It also contains the amino acid lecithin, which helps in preventing liver overload.

A citizen and a Soldier..,

Posted in Uncategorized on May 3, 2013 by tholath

Our alarm goes off, you hit the snooze and sleep for
another 10 minutes.
-He stays up for days on end.
__________________________
You take a warm shower to help you wake up.
-He goes days or weeks without running water.
__________________________
You complain of a “headache”, and call in sick.
-He gets shot at, as others are hit, and keeps moving forward.
__________________________
You put on your anti war/don’t support the troops shirt, and go
meet up with your friends.
-He still fights for your right to wear that shirt.
__________________________
You talk trash on your “buddies” that aren’t with you.
-He knows he may not see some of his buddies again.
__________________________
You don’t feel like helping out your dad today, so you don’t.
-He does what he is told.
__________________________
You walk down the beach, staring at all the pretty girls.
-He walks the streets, searching for insurgents and terrorists.
__________________________
You complain about how hot it is.
-He wears his heavy gear, not daring to take off his helmet to
wipe his brow.
__________________________
You go out to lunch, and complain because the restaurant got your
order wrong.
-He does not get to eat today.
__________________________
Your maid makes your bed and washes your clothes.
-He wears the same things for months, but makes sure his weapons
are clean.
__________________________
You go to the mall and get your hair redone.
-He doesn’t have time to brush his teeth today.
__________________________
You are angry because your class ran 5 minutes over.
-He is told he will be held an extra 2 months.He does as he is told.
__________________________
You call your girlfriend and set a date for that night.
-He waits for the mail to see if there is a letter from home.
__________________________
You hug and kiss your girlfriend, like you do everyday.
-He holds his letter close and smells his love’s perfume.
__________________________
You ditch class to go to a movie.
-He goes where he is told.
__________________________
You roll your eyes as a baby cries.
-He gets a letter with pictures of his new child, and wonders if
they’ll ever meet.
__________________________
You criticize your government, and say that war never solves
anything.
-He sees the innocent tortured and killed by their own government
and remembers why he is fighting.
__________________________
You hear the jokes about the war, and make fun of the men like
him.
-He hears the gun fire and bombs.
__________________________
You see only what the media wants you to see.
-He sees the bodies lying around him.
__________________________
You are asked to go to the store by your parents.You don’t.
-He does what he is told.
__________________________
You stay at home and watch tv.
-He takes whatever time he is given to call and write home, sleep,
and eat.
__________________________
You crawl into your bed, with down pillows, and try to get
comfortable.
-He crawls under a tank for shade and a 5 minute nap, only to be
woken by gun fire.
__________________________
You sit there and judge him, saying the world is a worse place
because of men like him.
-If only there were more men like him.
__________________________
You gripe at your parents for not buying your favorite snack.
-He’s just happy to get some packages of Kool-Aid and a bag of chips.
__________________________
You get mad when you have to share your favorite treat with a younger sibbling.
-He shares what little bit of anything he has with the men around him.

 


To My Son

Posted in Uncategorized on May 10, 2012 by tholath

I still remember running to the sound of my father’s footsteps, when I was a child.
My mom would say he had come.
I and my sister would run to him, we had our own rivalry.
Dad’s soul was my sister and I was the heart of my mom. I guess it’s fair.

Dad used to take a small break from work and nap at three in the afternoon.
Mother never let us shout and play at that time.
But I always wished that he would wake up and play with us.
I didn’t understand much as I was young.
It was the time when I needed him to be with me.

As I grew up his guidance was what I saw.
His advice helped me.
His love and care made me a better person.
His hard work and effort was what I saw in our family.

People tell stories of my father.
Stories of how an island boy was brought to Male’.
He built a house from zilch.
Also took care of the whole family.
He built his life from nothing except love, care courage, patience etc…

As I glance back at my past.
I understand the time I never had and how I was brought up.
I appreciate his love and how much he cared for me.
There never goes a day, I thank god for giving me such a great father.

Now, as I am a dad I feel proud to share the family legend of my father with my children.
As I watch my son smiling and running towards me for a hug, I completely understand my father.

I use to complain that dad was never around, but it was just a misunderstanding.
When I look at my son, I see myself. I understand how much he needs me.
But I wonder if I will have enough time for him.
I am worried that someday he might think in a different way.
He is young and too small to understand.

But it is my son who showed me how a father could love.
Now I know how my father loved me and how he protected me.
I will never let a bad shadow fall on you. I will always love you my son.
I will love you forever and ever…….

Maldives Police, MNDF attacked first near MNBC

Posted in Uncategorized on February 16, 2012 by tholath

Confrontation..

Posted in Uncategorized on February 10, 2012 by tholath

Unrest at Male’s Republic Square

Posted in Uncategorized on February 10, 2012 by tholath

MNDF announces that president nasheed will resign

Posted in Uncategorized on February 10, 2012 by tholath

Nasheed’s last minutes as President

Posted in Uncategorized on February 9, 2012 by tholath

President Nasheed’s last moments as President 7th Feb 2012 early morning

Posted in Uncategorized on February 9, 2012 by tholath

What job ads really mean !!!!!!!!!!

Posted in Uncategorized on December 21, 2011 by tholath

“Competitive salary” 
We remain competitive by paying you less than our competition.

“Join our fast-paced company”
We have no time to train you.

“Casual work atmosphere”
We don’t pay enough to expect that you will dress up; a couple of the real daring guys wear earrings.

“Some overtime required”
Some every night and some every weekend.

“Duties will vary”
Anyone in the office can boss you around.

“Must have an eye for detail”
We have no quality assurance.

“Career-minded”
Female applicants must be childless (and remain that way).

“Apply in person”
If you’re old, fat or ugly you’ll be told that the position has been filled.

“Seeking candidates with a wide variety of experience”
You’ll need it to replace the three people who just quit.

“Problem-solving skills a must”
You’re walking into perpetual chaos.

“Requires team leadership skills”
You’ll have the responsibilities of a manager, without the pay or respect.

“Good communication skills”
Management communicates, you listen, figure out what they want and do it.

“The qualities of leadership”

Posted in politics on December 20, 2011 by tholath

Can you imagine working at the following Company? It has a little over 500 employees with the following statistics:

  • 29 have been accused of spousal abuse
  • 7 have been arrested for fraud
  • 19 have been accused of writing bad checks
  • 117 have bankrupted at least two businesses
  • 3 have been arrested for assault
  • 71 cannot get a credit card due to bad credit
  • 14 have been arrested on drug-related charges
  • 8 have been arrested for shoplifting
  • 21 are current defendants in lawsuits

In 1998 alone, 84 were stopped for drunk driving

Can you guess which organization this is?

Give up?

It’s the 535 members of the United States Congress. The same group that perpetually cranks out hundreds upon hundreds of new laws designed to keep the rest of US in line.

Udhuhilan – thoriq

Posted in Uncategorized with tags on July 26, 2011 by tholath

My first attempt in writing a lyrics for a song.. i would say all credits goes to Thoriq for the beautiful music and singing  :) way to go bro !

Fari thi mithuru -Thoriq

Posted in Uncategorized on April 28, 2011 by tholath

Amazing song.. with an excellent lyrics.. way to go guys :)

Child brides face danger in Nepal – Al Jazeera -

Posted in Uncategorized on March 29, 2011 by tholath

Rich Little

Posted in Uncategorized on November 16, 2010 by tholath

Rodney Dangerfield

Posted in Uncategorized on October 30, 2010 by tholath

GODFREY

Posted in Uncategorized on October 11, 2010 by tholath

Beating Your Kids -Russell Peters- stand up comedy

Posted in Uncategorized on October 11, 2010 by tholath

Rap group bids to present positive image of Islam -AL Jazeera-

Posted in Uncategorized on October 10, 2010 by tholath

A Muslim-American rap group is using music as a tool to paint a better picture of the Muslim faith in the US.

Bangladesh battles sexual bullying -Al jazeera-

Posted in Uncategorized on October 10, 2010 by tholath

In Bangladesh, “eve-teasing” is a somewhat innocent name given to sexual harassment. But the illegal practice is becoming a greater problem as more girls start to go to school and women work outside the home. Because of sexual bullying, the school drop out rate is higher than ever. Nicolas Haque reports from a school in Dhaka. Bangladesh’s capital. [October 5, 2010]

This guy is amazing

Posted in Uncategorized with tags on October 5, 2010 by tholath

i like this song..hmm

Posted in Uncategorized on August 30, 2010 by tholath

i really like this song.. but for me it was a little awkward when a girl says “malekay eh fadha naazuku muniyaa…” to a boy… do girls refer to boys as “flowers” or “certain birds” heheh.. anyways the performance was superb, keep it up guys :)

Feelings…

Posted in love with tags , on August 26, 2010 by tholath

The night is just beginning, oh it has just started
The moment is filled with an unknown emotion
The atmosphere is so lively..
Just look at us, the love is young in our hearts

Those looks are telling me, just telling me
How deep you have me inside your heart
Its playing with me, the feeling is so strong
Without a single word so many are spoken
Without a sound a melody is played

This time has its own way with us
Makes us feel like one
Holding us as a bond so strong, a bond of might

This love makes me want to belong to you
This love makes me who I am today
This love showed me the true path… of love

Photo by Thoriq

Criminal Psychology

Posted in criminal psychology, police, psychology, security with tags , , , on August 19, 2010 by tholath

It’s really amazing how a team of FBI agents in the hit TV series criminal minds solve crimes by analyzing the behavior of the criminal. Specially when they have no solid suspects at their disposal.. the portal of this is done nicely and it keeps the fans just glued to the screens.. right.. but to tell you the truth most of it is not so easy like what it shows on the screen..

On America online Paul D. Rosevear quotes “The growing fascination with the hit primetime TV thriller, ‘Criminal Minds,’ has many of the show’s 16.8 million viewers asking themselves if a career in criminal psychology is right for them. On the show, the main characters form a behavioral analysis unit composed of criminal psychologists who use their knowledge of the criminal mind to catch perpetrators before they are able to strike again. So just how does one go about reading the criminal mind?”

He further states “The cast of ‘Criminal Minds’ makes such reasoning, behavioral analysis, and criminal psychology look like a thrilling career for anybody with a fascination for investigating illegal activity. But the reality isn’t as neat and tidy as the show makes it seem.”

So I just thought I would try to bring some light on the topic of this “profiling” mania.

As a fan of the show I am now on the fifth season and it really keeps my hours occupied. But as a psychology student and also a criminology student I just had to dig a little deeper to know the science behind the concept of “behavioral analysis” or in other words “criminal psychology”.

Introduction

If anybody was asked the question ‘what do criminal psychologists do in there everyday working life?, what would be the answer… ??? the logical answer could be that the main role of such a discipline would be helping police catch criminals or engaging in the ‘profiling’ of offenders..

The work of criminal psychologists, while they may be true for a small number, do not represent the wide variety of roles that those trained in criminal psychology can, and do, work. From assisting the police in the investigations, providing advice on interviewing of suspects or witnesses, working as expert witnesses in court cases, working in the rehabilitation of offenders, conducting criminal psychology research or working in academia, the work of criminal psychologists is varied and wide reaching.

However in this literature I will only discuss on the introductory part of the aspect. I would in future posts will write on the details of the science behind it.

What is criminal psychology?

The term ‘criminal psychology’ has been defined in a number of ways. Even today there is no accepted definition.  But as a general definition one can say, Criminal psychology is a branch of the field of psychology which focuses on criminals. Criminal psychologists can engage in a number of activities related to criminal investigations, ranging from creating profiles of offenders or victims based on available information to conducting psychological testing of people on trial for various crimes.

Researchers in criminal psychology are interested in what makes people commit criminal acts, ranging from the childhood environments of serial killers to the psychological pressures which lead people to rob banks to deal with financial problems. They are also interested in the ways in which criminals deal with the aftermath of a crime, including criminals who choose to run or act up in court.

In 1981 professor Lionel Harward, one of the UK’s founding fathers of criminal psychology described the four roles that psychologists may perform when they become professionally involved in criminal proceedings. They are:

  1. Clinical: in this situation the psychologist will be usually be involved in the assessment of an individual in order to provide a clinical judgment. The psychologists could use interviews, assessments tools or psychometric tests (special questionnaires) to aid in his or her assessment. Meaning that a psychologist for example may be asked to asses individuals in order to determine whether they are fit to stand trial or whether they have a mental illness which may mean that they would not understand the proceedings.
  2. Experimental: this can involve the psychologist performing research in order to inform a case. (for example, how likely it is that someone can correctly identify an object in the hand of an individual from a distance of 100 meters at twilight).
  3. Actuarial: in this instance the word ‘actuarial’ relates to the use of statistics in order to inform a case. ( for example a court may wish to know how likely an offender is to reoffend before the sentence is decided. In such a case, a psychologist could be called upon in order to inform the pre-sentence report to the court.
  4. Advisory: in this role the psychologist may provide advice to the police about how to proceed with an investigation. For an example, an offender’s profile could inform the investigation or advice could be provided about how best to interview a particular suspect. Advice can also be given to the lawyers on how to cross-examine a vulnerable witness or another expert witness.

As you have understood the area is so wide.

Criminal Investigations

The role of a psychologist in criminal investigation can take a number of forms. Professor Laurence Alison of the University of Liverpool has suggested a number of ways to which the expertise of a psychologist could aid the police.

“It is important to appreciate that the ways which psychologists can contribute extends well beyond the process of profiling offenders. Indeed the apprehension of the offender would be assisted by enhancing police decision making and leadership skills, improving methods of interviewing witnesses and victims, developing accurate methods of recording, collating and analyzing data on pre-convictions of offenders, developing suspect prioritization systems based on empirical research and enhancing intelligence-led policing and the use of informants” -Alison-

Crime analysis

Crime analysis or sometimes called as intelligence analysis is a filed of work which draws upon criminal psychological methods.

One of the most common roles of crime analysts is that of the case linkage. This process involves the linkage of crimes based on the similarities in the behaviors of the offender as reported by the victim or as inferred from the crime scene. For example, let us examine a rape case committed by a stranger on a women walking home alone after a night with her friends. Crime analysts could use the details of this case- the fact that she had just left a late night party, that the rapist took some of her clothing away from the scene with him. And the content of the threats used towards the women- in order check against an already established database of similar crimes to see whether there are any similarities to past crimes. If matches are found- the same threats were used, similar items of clothing taken by a rapist, and it was a close geographical location to another rape- then this information can be used by the police to investigate the potential that the same individual offender has committed both crimes. This further allows the focusing of the resources of the investigation in order to avoid duplication of work.

Offender profiling or criminal investigative analysis

Offender profiling has received a great deal of attention from the media in recent years. Media reporting of the utilization of criminal psychologists in high profile cases has introduced the general public to the notion of offender profile. While this has raised the profile of the filed, it could be argued that the sensational portrayal of profiling has resulted in a general confusion of what profiling actually is. How often it is done and who does it. This uncertainty amongst the public is no altogether surprising however, as there is an absence of an agreed definition of the term ‘profiling’, even in academic circles.

In general we can say that the profiling uses information gleaned from the crime scene relating to the offenders behavior during the crime. This can be pooled with the information, such as victim statements (if available), in order to draw conclusions about the nature of the person who committed the crime. Was the crime planned meticulously or was it impulsive? Does the offender live locally to the crime scene? What age range is the offender likely to fall in to? What gender is the offender? This information can be used to aid the police in investigations and in targeting recourses.

Interviewing, detecting deception and eyewitness research

One of the most important tasks during an investigation is the collection of reliable evidence in order to put together a case of what happened during the event in question. One of the main sources of this is the people who were eyewitness to the event. To gain this information, an interview needs to be conducted by the investigating officers with the aim of gaining as much accurate information from the witness as possible. In addition, once a suspect has been identified he or she has to be interviewed in order to gain his or her view of events and possibly to extract a confession to the crime. Hence the interview (whether a witness or suspect) and the manner in which it is conducted can be crucial to a case.

Therefore, when you think of the process (those relating to memory and the retrieval of the memory) that are involved in the interview situation, that the psychologists have been interested in this area for years. Given research findings such as those that state that the recall of events by witness can be manipulated by the interviewer (either intentionally or unintentionally- for example by the type of questions asked), it is clear that those carrying out the interviews need to receive training in how to conduct the interviews appropriately. Psychologists have been instrumental in developing guidance and advice on how best to interview witness suspects.

The police can also use psychologists in order to gain advice on how to interview particular types of witnesses or suspects. And research can be conducted on that. This research performed by criminal psychologists investigating the detection of deception also has useful application for the police when interviewing witnesses and in particular suspects.

Expert witness

Court cases can involve complex issues including the presentation of information that is judged beyond the knowledge of the average layperson who may sit on a jury. In such situations, the court permits the calling of an expert witness who, by definition, has an expertise relating to the issue in question. Under these circumstances expert witnesses are permitted to provide their opinion (rather than the facts) on the issue being discussed. The way the expert witnesses are called to the court, however, varies from jurisdiction to another. For example, in some countries within Europe, an expert witness is called by the court itself in order to provide information as and when it is needed. But in the UK and USA, the expert is instructed by either the defense or prosecution on order to provide extra strength for their version of events.

The use of the psychologists as an expert witness has in the past been constricted by the notion of the expert having to provide information that is beyond the knowledge of the average person. Historically then, the admissibility of a psychologist’s opinion was often limited to providing evidence relating to mental impartment or the psychological functioning of an individual. However in recent years, the psychologist’s expertise has been increasingly recognized and can now be called upon as evidence in relation to a wide variety of issues. Some examples of these are the impact of interviewing techniques on a suspect or witness, the reliability of eyewitness testimony the clinical assessment of a suspect or witness, or the use of profiling techniques during interviews.

TO BE CONTINUED….

I miss your smile…

Posted in love with tags , , on June 21, 2010 by tholath

I open my eyes for new day
Thinking that I would see you someday
My hopes lost when you walked away
My life is so astray

I keep looking at my phone just to hear a beep
But all I hear is my heart’s weep
Life is so lifeless..
How can this be so restless..

I remember the nights we spent
But now it feels so dent
The nights are so long
The moments are forever gone..

I remember you looking at me..
And now I know you were the key

No matter how much I try you are on my mind
No matter how much I try my heart is never kind

I miss your face looking back at me
I miss your eyes gazing at me
I just can’t let it be
I just cant be me..

God I miss your touch
God I miss you so much

Most of all I miss your beautiful smile…

Moon in our hands…

Posted in love with tags , , on March 1, 2010 by tholath

A Gentle breeze touch your hair
A tender smile lights your face
I see the eyes that lift me high
Oh god please help me spare

Those hands, I want to touch
Her closeness I want to feel
It makes me so alive

How to resist this temptation
How do I play with the heart’s competition?
How do I let her see my soul’s recognition?

I touched her hand from under
Lifted it with an excuse of tender

Placing the moon just on top of our hands
Becoming one with just a stand

Being so myself, I never felt so proud
I felt I was lifted on a cloud

As I stand with her I felt all love
I wish she could feel all my love..
I never knew the moon could smile
As our smiles left on our faces awhile

Secret Taliban talks in Maldives – Al Jazeera

Posted in Uncategorized on January 27, 2010 by tholath

Al Jazeera is reporting that secret talks among Taliban leaders have taken place in Maldives.

Al Jazeera link :

http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/01/20101271653316762.html

Social Psychology

Posted in Uncategorized on December 19, 2009 by tholath

Introduction

Social psychology is the study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. And also it is a branch of psychology
Social psychology looks at a wide range of social topics, including group behavior, social perception, leadership, nonverbal behavior, conformity, aggression and prejudice. It is important to note that social psychology is not just about looking at social influences. Social perception and social interaction are also vital to understanding social behavior.


Brief History of Social Psychology

While Plato referred to the idea of the “crowd mind” and concepts such as social loafing and social facilitation were introduced in the late-1800s, it wasn’t until after World War II that research on social psychology would begin in earnest. The horrors of the Holocaust led researchers to study the effects of social influence, conformity, and obedience.
The first textbooks bearing the name social psychology appeared in 1908. One of these by psychologist William.Mc.Rougall, argued that all social behavior starts from innate tendencies or instincts. The other books was by sociologist E.A.Ross, which took up to win to become social psychology’s central concern. The people are heavily influenced by others, whether those others are physically present or not.

Definitions

There is no precise definition of social psychology that describes its entire content and matter.

Kimball Young : according Kimball, “ social psychology is the study of the people in there interaction with one another and with reference to the effects of this inter-play upon the individual’s thoughts, feelings emotions and habits.

Brown: “social psychology envisages the behavior of the individual with reference to his fellow-men , or as groups.

The expanding field of Social Psychology

Today the expanding field of psychology mainly emphasizes on:

  • Attitudes (the power of the situation): Social psychologists have studied attitude formation, the structure of attitudes, attitude change, the function of attitudes, and the relationship between attitudes and behavior. Because people are influenced by the situation, general attitudes are not always good predictors of specific behavior. For a variety of reasons, a person may value the environment and not recycle a can on a particular day.  We are creatures of our own cultures and contexts. Thus evil situations sometimes overwhelm good intentions including people to follow, falsehood or commonly wit cruelty.
  • Persuasion (the power of the person): The topic of persuasion has received a great deal of attention in recent years. Persuasion is an active method of influence that attempts to guide people toward the adoption of an attitude, idea, or behavior by rational or emotive means. Persuasion relies on “appeals” rather than strong pressure or coercion. Numerous variables have been found to influence the persuasion process, and these are normally presented in four major categories: who said what to whom and how.We are creatures of our social worlds. If a group is evil its members contribute to (or resists) its being so. Given the situation different people react differently.
  • Social cognition (the importance of cognition): Social cognition is a growing area of social psychology that studies how people perceive, think about, and remember information about others. Person perception is the study of how people form impressions of others. The study of how people form beliefs about each other while interacting is known as interpersonal perception. Do we see life optimistically? Do we sense that we are in control? Do we view ourselves as superior or inferior? How we combine the world and ourselves matters.
  • The application of social, psychological principles: as we see social psychologists are more and more applying their concepts and methods to current social concerns such as emotional wellbeing, health, court room decision making, prejudice reduction, environmental design/conservation and the quest for peace

Conclusion

The goal of social psychology is to understand cognition and behavior as they naturally occur in a social context, but the very act of observing people can influence and alter their behavior. It seeks to explain and understand social behavior. To learn more about group behavior, how we interact with others, and social influences on decision making. Social psychology is an interdisciplinary domain that bridges the gap between psychology and sociology.

Reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_psychology_%28psychology%29

http://psychology.about.com/od/socialpsychology/f/socialpsych.htm

Social Psychology Tutorials – SBRR Mahajana First Grade College

A nice song !

Posted in Uncategorized on December 16, 2009 by tholath

Fingerprint Patterns

Posted in Uncategorized with tags on October 24, 2009 by tholath

a_fingerprint

I do swear by the Day of Resurrection.  I do swear by the reproachful soul. Does man assume that We can never assemble his bones? Yes indeed, we are able to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers” – (Quran 75: 1-4)


A fingerprint is an impression of the friction ridges on all parts of the finger. A friction ridge is a raised portion of the epidermis on the palmar (palm) or digits (fingers and toes) or plantar (sole) skin, consisting of one or more connected ridge units of friction ridge skin. These are sometimes known as “epidermal ridges” which are caused by the underlying interface between the dermal papillae of the dermis and the interpapillary (rete) pegs of the epidermis. These epidermal ridges serve to amplify vibrations triggered when fingertips brush across an uneven surface, better transmitting the signals to sensory nerves involved in fine texture perception. The ridges assist in gripping rough surfaces, as well as smooth wet surfaces.

Fingerprints may be deposited in natural secretions from the eccrine glands present in friction ridge skin (secretions consisting primarily of water) or they may be made by ink or other contaminants transferred from the peaks of friction skin ridges to a relatively smooth surface such as a fingerprint card.The term fingerprint normally refers to impressions transferred from the pad on the last joint of fingers and thumbs, though fingerprint cards also typically record portions of lower joint areas of the fingers (which are also used to make identifications).

The patterns

Fingerprints of a suspected or an arrested person are taken by the Police. This is to facilitate identification of the person, or use it to trace the involvement of the person in the crime. Fingerprints are the most conclusive means of personal identification of humans. The purpose behind the systematic storage is to enable easy and quick retrieval of the subject’s fingerprints. Sir Francis Galton was instrumental in identifying the patterns and their significance. It was Sir Edward Richard Henry, who made the distinction between the nine different patterns and described them. Fundamentally fingerprints are in four groups. They are:

Arches.
• Plain Arch [A]
• Tented Arch [T]

Loops.
• Radial Loop [R]
• Ulnar Loop [U]

Whorls [W]
(a) Spiral; (b) Concentric.

Composites.
• Twinned Loop [TL or S]
• Central Pocket Loop [CP ]
• Lateral Pocket Loop [LP or S]
• Accidental [X]

ARCHES: Arches are fingerprint patterns in which the ridges traverse form on side to the other, without recurving. They are further sub-classified as Plain and Tented Arch.

Plain Arch [A]

Plain Arch [A]

Plain Arch: This type of arch has ridges flowing smoothly from one side of the pattern to the other, with a slight uprising in the middle region. There are no other features in this type of pattern. They are denoted by the Alphabet [A].They are denoted by the Alphabet [A].

Tented Arch [T]

Tented Arch [T]

Tented Arch: the ridges in this pattern flow from one side of the finger to the other with a sharp uprising in the middle. The core or the mid region of the pattern contains a pole like ridge, which is similar to the pole of a tent. Hence, they are known as Tented Arch. They are denoted by the Alphabet [T].

LOOPS: Loops are patterns where at least one ridge flows from one side of the finger to another, to traverse and recurve to the side of its origin. It is shaped like a hairpin. Loops have one delta only. There are two types of loops. They are Radial and Ulanr Loops.

Radial Loop [R]: the ridges originate from the side of the side of the radial bone of the forearm and exit in the same side.

Ulnar loop [U]: the ridges originate from the side of the little finger and exits in the same side.
In order to distinguish between Ulnar and radial loops you must:

1) Know from which hand the loop pattern comes from and;
2) place your hand palm side down over top of the impression and determine if the recurving ridges originate from the little finger side or the thumb side.

If the ridges flow in from the little finger side this would be an ‘Ulnar’ loop. If the ridges flow in from the thumb side this would be a ‘radial’ loop.

loop1

loop2

Loop Patterns


WHORLS: whorls are patterns where the ridges recurve several times to form either a spiral, or concentric circles around the central part of the pattern, called the core. They have two deltas (the delta point is a pattern of a fingerprint that resembles the Greek letter delta. It’s the point on a friction ridge at or nearest to the point of divergence of two type lines) on either side. The whorl pattern consists of one or more free recurving ridges and two points of delta. When the line of the fingerprint disc is placed on the two points of delta, it will bisect at least one of the ridges belonging to the core group. They are all designated by the alphabet [W].

whorl1

Whorl

FINGERPRINT

COMPOSITES: These patterns are a combination of two of the above patterns. They have two deltas.

Central Pocket Loop

Central Pocket Loop

Lateral Pocket Loop

Lateral Pocket Loop

Twinned Loop

Twinned Loop

Accidental

Accidental

Twinned Loop (T.L / S):

In this type, one loop is found intertwined with another. The point of origin and exit of one loop are different from that of the other. Two deltas can be seen in this pattern.

Double loop:

In this pattern, two loops originate and end at the same point. Here too there are two deltas.

Central Pocket (C.P.):

In Central pocket loops, the majority of the ridges take the form of a loop, but one or more ridges recurve at the core to form a pocket. Two deltas are present in this pattern.

Lateral pocket (L.P.):

When the ridges constituting the loop bend sharply downwards on one side before re-curving, thereby forming on that side an inter-space or ‘pocket’, usually filled by the ridges of another loop, the impression is termed as a lateral pocket loop. The core is placed laterally and there are two deltas.

Accidental (X):

If the impression is too irregular to be classified in any of the above categories, it is known as Accidental. Here there may be more than two deltas.

References:

Prejudice and Discrimination

Posted in Uncategorized with tags on October 24, 2009 by tholath

Introduction

Discrimination is a sociological term that refers to treatment taken toward or against a person of a certain group that is taken in consideration based on class or category. The United Nations explains: “Discriminatory behaviors take many forms, but they all involve some form of exclusion or rejection.” Discriminatory laws such as redlining have existed in many countries. In some countries, controversial attempts such as racial quotas have been used to redress negative effects of discrimination.

The term prejudice is derived from the Latin term which means a judgment based on previous information or feelings. It is not based on the present experience exclusively. It stands for the unfavorable altitude towards a person or a group. It is an unfounded judgment that is a judgment without adequate basis. It is not factual often based on stereo types. In other words a prejudice is a preconceived belief, opinion or judgment especially toward a group of people characterized by their race, social class, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, age or religion. Also, it means a priori beliefs (without knowledge of the facts) and includes “any unreasonable attitude that is unusually resistant to rational influence.” Although positive and negative prejudice both exist, when used negatively, “prejudice” implies fear and antipathy toward such a group.

Forms of discrimination

Race discrimination

Racial discrimination differentiates between individuals on the basis of real and perceived racial differences, and has been official government policy in several countries, such as South Africa in the apartheid era, and the USA.
In the United States, racial profiling of minorities by law enforcement officials has been called racial discrimination. As early as 1865, the Civil Rights Act provided a remedy for intentional race discrimination in employment by private employers and state and local public employers. The Civil Rights Act of 1871, applies to public employment or employment involving state action prohibiting deprivation of rights secured by the federal constitution or federal laws through action under color of law. Title VII is the principal federal statute with regard to employment discrimination prohibiting unlawful employment discrimination by public and private employers, labor organizations, training programs and employment agencies based on race or color, religion, gender, and national origin.

Age discrimination

Age discrimination is discrimination on the grounds of age. Although theoretically the word can refer to the discrimination against any age group, age discrimination usually comes in one of three forms: discrimination against youth (also called adultism), discrimination against those 40 years old or older, and discrimination against elderly people. In the United States, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits employment discrimination nationwide based on age with respect to employees 40 years of age or older.

In many countries, companies more or less openly refuse to hire people above a certain age despite the increasing lifespans and average age of the population. The reasons for this range from vague feelings younger people are more “dynamic” and create a positive image for the company, to more concrete concerns about regulations granting older employees higher salaries or other benefits without these expenses being fully justified by an older employees’ greater experience.

Some people consider that teenagers and youth (around 15–25 years old) are victims of adultism, age discrimination framed as a paternalistic form of protection. In seeking social justice, they feel that it is necessary to remove the use of a false moral agenda in order to achieve agency and empowerment.
This perspective is based on the grounds that youth should be treated more respectfully by adults and not as second-class citizens. Some suggest that social stratification in age groups causes outsiders to incorrectly stereotype and generalize the group, for instance that all adolescents are equally immature, violent or rebellious, listen to rock tunes, and do drugs. Some have organized groups against age discrimination.

Gender discrimination

Though gender discrimination and sexism refers to beliefs and attitudes in relation to the gender of a person, such beliefs and attitudes are of a social nature and do not, normally, carry any legal consequences. Sex discrimination, on the other hand, may have legal consequences.

Though what constitutes sex discrimination varies between countries, the essence is that it is an adverse action taken by one person against another person that would not have occurred had the person been of another sex. Discrimination of that nature in certain enumerated circumstances is illegal in many countries.
Currently, discrimination based on sex is defined as adverse action against another person, that would not have occurred had the person been of another sex. This is considered a form of prejudice and is illegal in certain enumerated circumstances in most countries.

Sexual discrimination can arise in different contexts. For instance an employee may be discriminated against by being asked discriminatory questions during a job interview, or because an employer did not hire, promote or wrongfully terminated an employee based on his or her gender, or employers pay unequally based on gender.
In an educational setting there could be claims that a student was excluded from an educational institution, program, opportunity, loan, student group, or scholarship due to his or her gender. In the housing setting there could be claims that a person was refused negotiations on seeking a house, contracting/leasing a house or getting a loan based on his or her gender. Another setting where there have been claims of gender discrimination is banking; for example if one is refused credit or is offered unequal loan terms based on one’s gender
Socially, sexual differences have been used to justify different roles for men and women, in some cases giving rise to claims of primary and secondary roles.

Disability discrimination

People with disabilities face discrimination in all levels of society. The attitude that disabled individuals are inferior to non-disabled individuals is called ableism or disablism. Historically, the disabled have been shunned for their problems. These views are reinforced in modern times in media, books, films, comics, art and language.
Chronic pain is a debilitating condition which is often neglected in modern society. According to the American Chiropractic Association, over 50% of all working US citizens complain of back pain each year. An estimated 80% of the population will experience back pain at some point in their life. Many times pain can become chronic and debilitating.

Disabled people may also face discrimination by employers. They may find problems with securing employment as their disability can be seen as a risk to the company, and once in employment they may find they are overlooked for promotion opportunities. Similarly, if an employee becomes disabled while employed they may also find themselves being managed out the company by HR departments.

Unsympathetic employers can make life very difficult for such employees and can often make their health problems worse. Disability discrimination laws mean that in theory the employee has a method of redress in such instances.
Almost every person with a syndrome is discriminated against. They may not be able to join organizations, and they may even be neglected by schools and other public utilities.

Forms of prejudice

John Farley put prejudice into three categories:

• Cognitive Prejudice refers to what people believe to be true: for example, in adherence to a particular metaphysical or methodological philosophy at the expense of other philosophies which may offer a more complete theoretical explanation.

• Affective Prejudice refers to what people like and dislike: for example, in attitudes toward members of particular classes such as race, ethnicity, national origin, or creed.

• Conative Prejudice refers to how people are inclined to behave. It is regarded as an attitude because people do not act on their feelings. An example of conative prejudice may be found in expressions of what should be done if the opportunity presents itself.

These three types of prejudice are correlated, but all need not be present in a particular individual. Someone may believe that a particular group possesses low levels of intelligence, but harbour no ill feeling towards that group. A group may be disliked because of intense competition for jobs, but still recognise no differences between groups.

“Discrimination” is a behaviour (an action), with reference to unequal treatment of people because they are members of a particular group. Farley also put discrimination into three categories:

• Personal / Individual Discrimination is directed toward a specific individual and refers to any act that leads to unequal treatment because of the individual’s real or perceived group membership.

• Legal Discrimination refers to “unequal treatment, on the grounds of group membership, that is upheld by law.” Apartheid is an example of legal discrimination, as are also various post-Civil war laws in the southern United States that legally disadvantaged negros with respect to property rights, employment rights and the exercise of constitutional rights.

• Institutional Discrimination refers to unequal treatment that is entrenched in basic social institutions resulting in advantaging one group over another. The Indian caste system and European feudal system are historical examples of institutional discrimination.

NOTE : As with prejudice generally, these three types of discrimination are correlated and may be found to varying degrees in individuals and society at large. Many forms of discrimination based upon prejudice are outwardly acceptable in most societies.

Conclusion

It must be remembered that prejudice and discriminations are formed over a long period of time in the life of an individual as well as in the life of a group. Prejudices are traditional and they are socially transmitted. However most countries have taken great steps to prevent them and make them self more and more to cultivate in this manner.

Great leaders and powerful constitutions help in dealing with such situations in the modern world. Nevertheless its not a one man job nor is it a nations job. It is a job for everybody and only with great strength of unity can over-power this unfortunate element

Reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org

An introduction to social Psychology – B.Kuppuswamy

Broken promises…

Posted in Uncategorized on May 18, 2009 by tholath

One day you told me that you love me.
One day you told me “I will be there for you.”
One day you told me that you will protect me.
One day you told me that you will never hurt me.

Today you tell me you still love me.
Today you tell me you will be here for me.
Today you tell me that you would still protect me.
But today you hurt me.

Please don’t hurt me like this.
Please don’t kill me with your deeds.
Please don’t insult my love.
But today you do.

My heart can’t take this anymore.
My soul can’t tolerate this anymore.
My life cant take this anymore.
But today…
“Tears come down like rain,
My heart beats no more!
Silence is all I know,
And today the World is no more!”

But why cant I hate you?
why cant I forget you?
why cant I forgive you?
But today why do I want you so?

My inspiration…

Posted in Uncategorized on March 13, 2009 by tholath

roseasffff3

I wonder what happened
I thought I understood life so well
But was lonely at heart…
Until I met you.
You have opened a door that had been locked for so long…

I wonder how this could be
I remember your words that night
“I felt my life was lifeless…
But then you came along and it feels like my life is full of life again…”
The words so powerful
Penetrated my heart…

The world I knew was black and white…
You have made it so colorful
I wonder what has happened
And how you became my inspiration… for life

Candle..

Posted in Uncategorized with tags on December 5, 2008 by tholath

The power has gone, and i am with just a candle..
With a light so dim..
but dont know why .. i feel you here with me..
i watch the dancing flame, thinking that one day i will be with you..

I feel cold..
but your presence makes me warm from within..
those eyes have lightened up my heart..
that smile has lit my life

Thank you for caring..
and making me feel at home in your heart..
I will never ever forget you..

photo by KudaNai

A new dawn for Maldivian Police

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , on November 19, 2008 by tholath

“President appoints officials to senior Police, MNDF positions” media reports making history… this was exciting news as people had anticipated so much on this topic. But for me I needed to see what the most powerful law enforcement agency the MPS would be during this change.

The organization

Truly Maldives Police Service has made history today. It has been given the change to embrace change. MPS been the most powerful law enforcement agency in town will now face the toughest challenge of all, to prove to the people that it is part of them and is not apart from them. Earlier history states that people regarded MPS as a tool of politics a tool of power that would be executed then and there for political reasoning. Many incidents have occurred during the last five years which included mistreating prisoners to even custodial deaths and MPS been given the center of attention in almost all.

It was perfectly clear from the very beginning that the management of MPS was getting “old” day by day, unfair promotions, favoritism, nepotism, sidelining for difference of opinion and been neglected played “culture” within the organization. Junior officers were subjected to very unfair treatments. This was the practice in general. Many officers tried to change it within the system and suffered a lot resulting in resigning, change of section/unit, promotion been halted and even transfer from police.

Even after its independence from the military the organization was in a shadow of military rule. Many senior officers were from military background. This was also another factor for the unfair treatments… because the agency was a civilian unit but had adapted military rules within it.

The Commissioner

Preferably the highest position in MPS was under the direct threat of political chaos! Pressure from each side was always imminent. This post was not independent it was under direct command of the political environment. Sadly law enforcement failed in many areas.

But the former Commissioner had done a lot to be neutral to the public. Even though people argue, his skills of management survived through harsh time, “Made a stand through it all”. But as the environment changed the post was also subjected to change. It is very lucid that MPS had reached new heights in investigations, training and forensic science. This is in fact is the work of commissioner and his senior management. But keeping it alive was on the shoulders of the junior officers who dedicated so much and sacrifice.

New commissioner

Arguably the toughest job! Reconstruction, rebuilding, “taking out the trash” are just a little on the list for the top most brass of the MPS now. His work and training will be tested, carefully monitored by many eyes and ears. Challenges are just limitless and fingers will point from everywhere. Most of all he has to prove that he is not the former commissioner.

Many junior officers are expecting for change praying for it and had been doing it for a long time. The organization needs a person who would put forward the religion, country and people before him. A person who is completely out of biased politics.

I wish the newly appointed commissioner of police the very best and May you guide this nation and create faith in people towards the true concept of “to protect and serve”.

Cartographic School

Posted in Classical schools on October 21, 2008 by tholath

Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quételet (a Belgium mathematician) and Andre-Michel Guerre (a French statistician) in Europe during the 1830s and 1840s were the first to do detailed statistical studies of crime. Quételet found strong correlations between rates of crime and such factors as illiteracy, poverty, and similar variables. He also noted that these same variables remained the same as the highest crime rates continued to occur in the same parts of the city through several decades. Some called this school of thought the “Cartographic School” since it used maps to plot crimes within a certain geographic area.

As geography plays an important role within modern policing. Cartographic School can contribute valuable information to criminal research and crime prevention. One of the most important tools in identifying crime is Crime mapping, which is mapping of crime using a geographic information system to conduct spatial analysis of crime problems and other police-related issues. To this Cartographic School plays an important part. The cartographic school introduced the first spatial and ecological perspectives on crime.

The school stated the distribution of crimes across territorial divisions or departments of France. It found that the greatest numbers of crime against people and property occurred in departments that were near Rhone, Rhine or Seine Rivers and that the fewest numbers of crimes against people and property occurred in departments in the center of France. The school found a stronger propensity to crime against property in department near Mediterranean and a stronger propensity to crimes against in departments in the north. In addition to analysing distributions of general crime rates and correlating them with distributions of other conditions, the proponents of this school made special studies of juvenile delinquency and professional crime which are roughly comparable to studies in this century. Significantly it showed that the crime is a necessary expression of social conditions. The basic idea was that crime is caused by the conflicts of values that arise when legal norms do not take into consideration the behavioural norms that are specific to the lower socioeconomic classes as well as to various age groups, religious groups, and interest groups living in certain geographic areas.

In addition to this, the Cartographic school used objective mathematical techniques to investigate the influence of social factors such as seasons, climate, sex and age on the propensity to commit crime. The most important factor was these social forces correlated to significantly to crime rates. In addition to finding age and sex had a stronger influence in crime, the Cartographic school uncovered evidence that season, climate, population composition and poverty were also related to criminality, most specifically the crime rates were greater in the summer in southern areas among heterogeneous population, and among the poor and uneducated, they were highly influenced by drinking habits. This school identified many relationships between crime and social phenomena that still servers as a basis for criminal studies.

Campaigning in police!

Posted in Uncategorized on October 13, 2008 by tholath

Certain rumors have surfaced about MPS officers actively advocating against a certain candidate covertly and overtly practicing it in the organization.

This comes as a huge surprise; MPS officers should be more responsible than this. I also agree that MPS had gone through a lot during recent times specially at protests, riots and many other forms of violence that were targeted towards them. But this does not mean that the meaning of policing be left out of the ethics which the MPS uphold and believe in. I strongly advise the MPS officers to refrain themselves from such acts. It is every eligible individual’s right to vote for his or her choice.

I thank police officers Station Inspector Younus Sobah and Sub Inspector Mohamed Hameed for bringing this into light and standing up for what they believe in.

“Exercise your right to vote without influence”

Please visit the posted link below

http://fuluheh.wordpress.com/2008/10/14/presidential-election-campaigning-in-mps/

A criminal is not born but made… (Family aspect)

Posted in Social Causes on October 11, 2008 by tholath

People might wonder what makes a criminal to become a criminal… this process is a long process which indeed starts from the very beginning of childhood.  Here are some family related factors that affect a human brain to convert in to a criminal mind.

Families in general are a group of related people living under the same roof. Family reflects of what and who we are at most times. It is also a reflection of how one is brought up. The family is basically divided in to three groups. They are ‘Parents’, ‘Siblings’ and ‘Relatives’.

Here are some examples of family disasters:

  • If the parents are unable to care for the child, an ignored child
  • Abusive parents (physically and mentally)
  • Poor parental love (most cases young mothers with illegitimate children
  • Single parent ( runway youngsters and separated parents
  • Children of alcoholics and drug users

 
These are major areas that can affect the brain of a young child. In some cases like abusive parents, the child tends to imitate what he/she has gone through in the early childhood; he/she would be a mirror reflection of the abuses he/she had gone through. That is why it is advised not to even quarrel in front of the child.

There are some other factors also, like the siblings with criminal background. A brother or a sister can also have a bad influence on a young mind. And as well, relatives of criminals tend to turn in to criminals. But this is rare; then again it happens in many parts of the world.  Then the most important part is what most parents exercise the most… it is over strictness. “It is human instinct to search for an exit in case of fire”… likewise youngsters would try everything they can to escape in to the freedom from the strict rules and regulation they face at home.

Even so some people from broken or criminal families turn out great. These are just some causes that generally play a huge role in converting a human brain into a criminal mind…

Security in general

Posted in Uncategorized on October 1, 2008 by tholath

Security is the condition of being protected against danger, loss, and criminals. In the general sense, security is a concept similar to safety. The nuance between the two is an added emphasis on being protected from dangers that originate from outside. Individuals or actions that encroach upon the condition of protection are responsible for the breach of security.

The word “security” in general usage is synonymous with “safety,” but as a technical term “security” means that something not only is secure but that it has been secured. In telecommunications, the term security has the following meanings:[1]
A condition that results from the establishment and maintenance of protective measures that ensure a state of inviolability from hostile acts or influences.
With respect to classified matter, the condition that prevents unauthorized persons from having access to official information that is safeguarded in the interests of national security.
Measures taken by a military unit, an activity or installation to protect itself against all acts designed to, or which may, impair its effectiveness.

Security has to be compared and contrasted with other related concepts: Safety, continuity, reliability. The key difference between security and reliability is that security must take into account the actions of active malicious agents attempting to cause destruction.

source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Security

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